Ash Products

Ash (Fraxinus spp.)

Tilo makes a number of products using ash hardwood, including
  • architectural millwork and moulding
  • doors
  • flooring
  • furniture
  • kitchen cabinets
  • paneling
  • turnings

Browse our catalog of Standard Profiles or talk to us about a Custom Profile using ash hardwood.

General Description of Ash

Sapwood of ash is light-colored to nearly white while heartwood varies from grayish or light brown to pale yellow streaked with brown. Wood is generally straight-grained with a coarse uniform texture.

Relative Abundance & Availability of Ash

4.6 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available. Ash lumber is readily available.

Working Properties of Ash

  • machines well
  • good in nailing, screwing and gluing
  • can be stained to a very good finish
  • dries fairly easily with minimal degrade
  • little movement in performance
Machining  3 Star
Nailing 3 Star
Screwing 3 Star
Gluing 3 Star  
Finishing 4 Star

Physical Properties of Ash

Ash has very good overall strength properties relative to its weight. Excellent shock resistance and good for steam bending.

Strength And Mechanical Properties (inch-pound) (a)
Moisture content 12%
Specific Gravity (b)
0.45-0.60
Static Bending Modulus of Rupture (lbf/in2)
6,000-15,000
Static Bending Modulus of Elasticity (c) (106 lbf/in2) 1.04-1.74
Static Bending Work to Maximum Load (in-lbf/in3) 11.8-16.6
Impact Bending to Grain (in) 43
Compression Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2) 2,300-7,410
Compression Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)350-1,420
Shear Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2)860-2,030
Tension Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)940
Side Hardness (lbf)1,320

a) Results of tests on small clear specimens in the green and air-dried conditions. Definition of properties; impact bending is height of drop that causes complete failure, using 0.71-kg (50 lb.) hammer; compression parallel to grain is also called maximum crushing strength; compression perpendicular to grain is fiber stress at proportional limit; shear is maximum shearing strength; tension is maximum tensile strength; and side hardness is hardness measured when load is perpendicular to grain.

b) Specific gravity is based on weight when oven dry and volume when green or at 12% moisture content

c) Modulus of elasticity measured from a simply supported, center-loaded beam, on a span depth ratio of 14/1. To correct for shear reflection, the modulus can be increased by 10%.

Reprinted with permission from Hardwood Manufacturers Association

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