Hard Maple Products

Hard Maple (Acer saccharum, acer nigrum)

Tilo makes a number of products using hard maple, including
  • butcher blocks
  • cabinetry
  • doors
  • flooring--specifically ballroom and gymnasium floors
  • furniture
  • handrails
  • paneling
  • millwork
  • moulding
  • stairs
  • worktops

Browse our selection of Standard Profiles or talk to us about a Custom Profile using hard maple hardwood.

General Description of Hard Maple

The sapwood of hard maple is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge while the heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The amount of darker brown heartwood can vary significantly according to growing region. Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck. The wood has a close, fine, uniform texture and is generally straight-grained, but it can also occur as "curly," "fiddleback," and "birds-eye" figure.

Relative Abundance and Availability of Hard Maple

4 percent of U.S. hardwoods commercially available. Hard maple is widely available. Higher quality grades of lumber are selected for white color, although this can limit availability. The wood that is not straight-grained is generally only available in commercial volumes as veneer.

Working Properties of Hard Maple

  • machines well with care, turns well
  • pre-boring is recommended when nailing and screwing
  • glues satisfactorily
  • can be stained to an outstanding finish and can be polished well, suitable for enamel finishes and brown tones
  • dries slowly with high shrinkage
  • susceptible to movement in performance
Machining  3 Star
Nailing 1 Star
Screwing 1 Star
Gluing 3 Star  
Finishing 3 Star

Physical Properties of Hard Maple

This wood is hard and heavy with good strength properties, in particular its high resistance to abrasion and wear. It also has good steam-bending properties.

Strength And Mechanical Properties (inch-pound) (a)
Moisture content 12%
Specific Gravity (b)
Static Bending Modulus of Rupture (lbf/in2)
Static Bending Modulus of Elasticity (c) (106 lbf/in2) 1.33-1.83
Static Bending Work to Maximum Load (in-lbf/in3) 12.5-16.5
Impact Bending to Grain (in) 39-48
Compression Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2) 3,270-7,830
Compression Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)600-1,470
Shear Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2)1,130-2,330
Tension Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)720
Side Hardness (lbf)840-1,450

a) Results of tests on small clear specimens in the green and air-dried conditions. Definition of properties; impact bending is height of drop that causes complete failure, using 0.71-kg (50 lb.) hammer; compression parallel to grain is also called maximum crushing strength; compression perpendicular to grain is fiber stress at proportional limit; shear is maximum shearing strength; tension is maximum tensile strength; and side hardness is hardness measured when load is perpendicular to grain.

b) Specific gravity is based on weight when oven dry and volume when green or at 12% moisture content.

c) Modulus of elasticity measured from a simply supported, center-loaded beam, on a span depth ratio of 14/1. To correct for shear reflection, the modulus can be increased by 10%.

Reprinted with permission from Hardwood Manufacturers Association

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