Yellow Birch Products

Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

Tilo makes a number of products using yellow birch, including
  • architectural millwork
  • cabinets
  • doors
  • flooring
  • furniture
  • paneling

General Description of Yellow Birch

Yellow birch has a white sapwood and light reddish brown heartwood. The wood is generally straight-grained with a fine uniform texture. Generally characterized by a plain and often curly or wavy pattern.

Relative Abundance and Availability of Yellow Birch

.7 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available. Reasonable availability, but more limited if selected for color.

Working Properties of Yellow Birch

  • wood works fairly easily
  • glues well with care, nails and screws satisfactorily when pre-bored
  • can be stained to a good finish
  • takes stain extremely well
  • dries slowly with little degrade but has moderately high shrinkage, so it's susceptible to movement in
  • performance
Machining  3 Star
Nailing 2 Star
Screwing 1 Star
Gluing 2 Star
Finishing 4 Star

Physical Properties of Yellow Birch

The wood of yellow birch is heavy, hard and strong. It has very good bending properties, with good crushing strength and shock resistance.

Strength And Mechanical Properties (inch-pound) (a)
Moisture content Green 12%
Specific Gravity (b)
0.48-0.65
Static Bending Modulus of Rupture (lbf/in2)
6,400-16,900
Static Bending Modulus of Elasticity (c) (106 lbf/in2) 1.17-2.17
Static Bending Work to Maximum Load (in-lbf/in3) 15.7-20.8
Impact Bending to Grain (in) 29-33
Compression Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2) 3,540-7,110
Compression Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)360-690
Shear Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2)1,130-1,700
Tension Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)560-570
Side Hardness (lbf)660-950

a) Results of tests on small clear specimens in the green and air-dried conditions. Definition of properties; impact bending is height of drop that causes complete failure, using 0.71-kg (50 lb.) hammer; compression parallel to grain is also called maximum crushing strength; compression perpendicular to grain is fiber stress at proportional limit; shear is maximum shearing strength; tension is maximum tensile strength; and side hardness is hardness measured when load is perpendicular to grain.

b) Specific gravity is based on weight when oven dry and volume when green or at 12% moisture content.

c) Modulus of elasticity measured from a simply supported, center-loaded beam, on a span depth ratio of 14/1. To correct for shear reflection, the modulus can be increased by 10%.

Reprinted with permission from Hardwood Manufacturers Association

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