Poplar Products

Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)

Tilo makes a number of products using poplar, including
  • cabinetry
  • doors
  • edge glued panels
  • exterior trim and siding
  • furniture
  • light construction
  • moulding and millwork
  • paneling

Browse our selection of Standard Profiles or talk to us about a Custom Profile using poplar hardwood.

General Description of Poplar

The sapwood is creamy white and may be streaked, while the heartwood varies from pale yellowish brown to olive green. The green color in the heartwood will tend to darken on exposure to light and turn brown. The wood has a medium to fine texture and is straight-grained. It has a comparatively uniform texture.

Relative Abundance and Availability of Poplar

11.2 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available. Very readily available.

Working Properties of Poplar

  • very versatile wood
  • easy to machine, plane, turn, glue and bore
  • dries easily with minimal movement in performance
  • little tendency to split when nailed
  • takes and holds paint, enamel and stain exceptionally well
Machining  4 Star
Nailing 1 Star
Screwing 3 Star
Gluing 3 Star
Finishing 4 Star

Physical Properties of Poplar

A medium density wood with low bending, shock resistance, stiffness and compression values, poplar has a medium steam-bending classification. Excellent strength and stability.

Strength And Mechanical Properties (inch-pound) (a)
Moisture content 12%
Specific Gravity (b)
Static Bending Modulus of Rupture (lbf/in2)
Static Bending Modulus of Elasticity (c) (106 lbf/in2) 1.22-1.58
Static Bending Work to Maximum Load (in-lbf/in3) 7.5-8.8
Impact Bending to Grain (in) 24-26
Compression Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2) 2,660-5,540
Compression Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)270-500
Shear Parallel to Grain (lbf/in2)790-1,190
Tension Perpendicular to Grain (lbf/in2)510-540
Side Hardness (lbf)440-540

a) Results of tests on small clear specimens in the green and air-dried conditions. Definition of properties; impact bending is height of drop that causes complete failure, using 0.71-kg (50 lb.) hammer; compression parallel to grain is also called maximum crushing strength; compression perpendicular to grain is fiber stress at proportional limit; shear is maximum shearing strength; tension is maximum tensile strength; and side hardness is hardness measured when load is perpendicular to grain.

b) Specific gravity is based on weight when oven dry and volume when green or at 12% moisture content.

c) Modulus of elasticity measured from a simply supported, center-loaded beam, on a span depth ratio of 14/1. To correct for shear reflection, the modulus can be increased by 10%.

Reprinted with permission from Hardwood Manufacturers Association

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